The Sacred Rock of the Acropolis
The Sacred Rock of the Acropolis "the province of the Gods", unoccupied by humans, is a perfect 5th century BC collection of public monuments which stands as a unique Greek testimony.
Acropolis, represents the shiny beacon for classical civilization and wins the title of the "Sacred Rock" gloriously. From the royal palaces of the 15th century and the first fortification, to Herod Atticus Odeon, the hill served as the preeminent sanctuary of ancient Athens.
Visible from diverse viewpoints, the holy rock rises 490 meters above the sea level and covers a surface area of 30,000 square meters.
Athena and Poseidon had to fight to win patronage of the city. Poseidon struck his trident against the ground to spring water, but the goddess won by offering an olive tree.
Built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates, under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias, the temple is considered as the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the most minimal out of the three classical Greek architectural styles. A pairing of simplicity and power built to extremely precise dimensions, according to mathematical rations of sacred geometry.
The Parthenon, "the apartment of the Virgin", has been dedicated to Goddess Athena, the Erechtheion, found on the most sacred corner of Acropolis, was the ceremonies venue and the temple of Athena Nike, on the south western edge of the hill housed the legendary sculpture of Phidias.
Major repairs and restorations took place during the Hellenistic and Roman rulers, while the Byzantines converted Parthenon into a church of Virgin Mary. Later, the Ottomans turned the temple into military headquarters and erected a mosque.
Much of the structures remain intact, yet the monuments have suffered serious damages over the centuries.
The Acropolis of Athens, a unique piece of artistic and architectural excellence and an inspiration for numerous artists from the Roman times till the present, is one of the most significant UNESCO world heritage sites around the world. One of the most popular and beloved destinations among travellers Athena, is the symbol for the universal human aspiration of wisdom.
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